Read e-book online Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to PDF
By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic common record of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and know-how within the box of agriculture. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group reviews examine the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technological know-how and expertise, describe the decisive impression of technological know-how and know-how at the modernization procedure, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an drawing close S&T revolution, and contact for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. according to the precise learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the stories draw a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and expertise, figure out China’s S&T roadmaps for the suitable 8 easy and strategic structures in accordance with China’s truth, extra aspect S&T tasks of strategic significance to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with complete consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in keeping with China’s truth. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the experiences supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with assistance bearing on learn instructions, the making plans procedure, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in typical sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior examine in easy and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on common assets and ecological surroundings, to supply the rustic with clinical facts and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to start up team of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech corporations via its energetic engagement in those components.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
Beijing. 2008. Population in China will shift from a slow and declining growth to a slight decline and negative growth in 2000-2050. The increase in demand for agricultural products due to population change will mainly occur before 2030. 45 billion by 2030 and fall down thereafter. But the huge population base will impose enormous pressure upon food demand in China for a long period. 6 times. 2. The demand for fruits, vegetables, cooking oil and sugar and other food will keep increasing, and the production structure of crops will undergo a fundamental change in China in the coming decades By 2050, the main driving forces for the increase in per capita demand for fruits, vegetables, edible oil and sugar will also be income growth and urbanization.
It is to realize agriculture production intensification, mechanization, large-scale operation and industrialization. It is to realize the enhancement of sustainable agriculture production and the utilization of resources. , the establishment of the prevention and control warning system of agricultural pests and diseases, implementation of accurate monitoring and prevention and control of “active security strategy”. It is to establish a standardized system of safe production, distribution & preserve and processing for agricultural products on purpose of providing products with food safety and high-quality guarantee.
By 2050, agriculture will calmly face the impact of global climate change, and the climate change will bring about many highly uncertain impacts on agricultural development in China By 2050, global climate change will threaten human survival and ecological systems, and also bring about uncertain factors for agricultural development in China. The China Climate Assessment Report preliminary results show that climate change will be further accelerated in the future in China, and the average temperature is likely to raise 2-3ą in the next 50-80 years; climate warming is likely to decrease the runoff of rivers to the north, while southern runoff will increase.
Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang