Download e-book for iPad: An Unnatural History of Emerging Infections by George Armelagos, Ron Barrett
By George Armelagos, Ron Barrett
This booklet strains the social and environmental determinants of human infectious ailments from the Neolithic to the current day. regardless of fresh excessive profile discoveries of latest pathogens, the most important determinants of those rising infections are historical and ordinary. those contain altering modes of subsistence, moving populations, environmental disruptions, and social inequalities. the hot labeling of the time period "re-emerging infections" displays a re-emergence, now not loads of the illnesses themselves, yet relatively a re-emerging wisdom in prosperous societies of long-standing difficulties that have been formerly ignored.
An Unnatural historical past of rising Infections illustrates those routine difficulties and determinants via an exam of 3 significant epidemiological transitions. the 1st Transition happened with the rural Revolution starting 10,000 years in the past, bringing an increase in acute infections because the major reason behind human mortality. the second one Transition first begun with the economic Revolution; it observed a decline in infectious disorder mortality and a rise in power ailments between wealthier international locations, yet much less so in poorer societies. those culminated in today's "worst of either worlds syndrome" during which globalization has mixed with the demanding situations of the 1st and moment Transitions to supply a 3rd Transition, characterised by means of a confluence of acute and protracted sickness styles inside a unmarried worldwide ailment ecology.
This obtainable textual content is appropriate for complicated undergraduate and graduate point scholars and researchers within the fields of epidemiology, sickness ecology, anthropology, healthiness sciences, and the heritage of medication. it is going to even be of relevance and use to undergraduate scholars attracted to the heritage and social dynamics of infectious illnesses.
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Additional resources for An Unnatural History of Emerging Infections
Folk taxonomies show that life-form taxa may be biologically highly diverse, covering a wide range of generic taxa, as in Karam, a Trans-New Guinea language without a word corresponding to English ‘animal’ (as a unique beginner), where the term as refers to ‘frog, small marsupial, rodent’ (Bulmer and Tyler 1968). Atran et al. (2004) point out that for the Itza Maya villagers, typicality is based not on similarity but on knowledge of cultural ideals. Hence, the wild turkey is a typical bird because of its rich cultural significance, even though it is in no way most similar to other birds.
Journal of Polynesian Society 77: 333–385. Conklin, Harold C. 1964. Hanunoo color categories. ), Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology, pp. 189–192. New York: Harper and Row. 24 Semantic Categorization and Cognition ____. 1980. Folk Classification: A Topically Arranged Bibliography of Contemporary and Background References Through 1971. Revised reprinting with author index. New Haven, CT: Department of Anthropology, Yale University. Danzinger, Eve, 2010. Deixis, gesture and cognition in spatial frame of reference typology.
Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Brown, Cecil H. 1983. Where do cardinal direction terms come from? Anthropological Linguistics 25: 121–161. ____. 1984. Language and Living Things: Uniformities in Folk Classification and Naming. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. Bulmer, R. and M. Tyler. 1968. Karam classification of frogs. Journal of Polynesian Society 77: 333–385. Conklin, Harold C. 1964. Hanunoo color categories.
An Unnatural History of Emerging Infections by George Armelagos, Ron Barrett