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Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Natural History by Roger French

Posted On February 24, 2018 at 1:41 am by / Comments Off on Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Natural History by Roger French

By Roger French

ISBN-10: 0203974166

ISBN-13: 9780203974162

ISBN-10: 0415088801

ISBN-13: 9780415088800

В этом исследовании автор показывает, что древнее естествознание было собранием и представлением историй и феноменов, достойных упоминания философами, популяризаторами или торговцами чудесами. В этой книге исследуются отношения между физическим миром, богами, греческой философией и целями тех, кто выражал весьма различные понятия о «природе». Основное внимание автора уделено «Истории животных» Аристотеля, «Естественной истории растений» Теофраста, «Географии» Страбона, а также, в некоторой степени, «Естественной истории» Плиния Старшего. Одна из основных тем книги - то, как к естествознанию относились различные общества: греки, римляне, евреи и христиане.Образцы сканов:

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Extra info for Ancient Natural History

Example text

The box and bowl are artificial, but the same applies to nature. He is looking ahead to explaining the similar parts of plants and animals and, finally, the dissimilar parts and the organic bodies of animals and man. (iii) The natural history of the soul If we were to draw a diagram in which cross-references between the libri naturales were lines, from title to title, the result would be a little like a map of the London Underground. There are two main routes, the first beginning with the Physics and passing through the works on heaven and earth, generation and corruption to the Meteorologica, where we pass into the realm of the organic.

Aristotle further explains that a traditional natural philosopher would discuss, let us say, ‘anger’ in some such terms as the boiling of blood round the heart, while it would be the dialectician who would call anger some affection of the soul such as the need to return pain for pain received. So (Aristotle continues) traditional natural philosophy deals with the material conditions and dialectic with the ‘formulable essence’. The formulable essence of, say, a house might be something like ‘a protection against the weather’ while its material conditions are its bricks and mortar.

Aristotelian and Platonic teaching on the soul was fundamentally important in the later West, and forms another important thread through the centuries covered by this book. NATURAL BOOKS: THE CURRICULUM AT THE LYCEUM (i) Physical principles on earth and in heaven Thus far we have glanced at Aristotle’s intentions and first principles. We need now to make the acquaintance of the works in which these principles were put into practice. These works are what later scholars called the libri naturales, the ‘natural books’.

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Ancient Natural History by Roger French

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